By German E. Berrios
This significant publication, written by means of a psychiatrist-historian, strains the genesis of the descriptive different types of psychopathology and examines their interplay with the mental and philosophical context during which they arose. the writer explores quite the language and concepts that experience characterised descriptive psychopathology from the mid-nineteenth century to the current day. He offers a masterful survey of the background of the most psychiatric indicators, from the metaphysics of classical antiquity to the operational standards of this present day. Tracing the evolution of suggestions resembling reminiscence, awareness, will and character, and of signs starting from catalepsy and aboulia to anxiousness and self-harm, this ebook presents interesting insights into the subjective nature of psychological disease, and into the tips of British, Continental and American experts who've clarified and outlined it.
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Additional info for The History of Mental Symptoms: Descriptive Psychopathology since the Nineteenth Century
29 30 THE OBJECT OF INQUIRY 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 Referring to this period Charcot wrote 'disease was formerly considered as being independent of the organism, a kind of parasite attached to the economy', p. 4, Charcot, 1881. Diseases were not considered as contained within the temporal and spatial constraints of the body. For a discussion of this problem, King, 1982; Haas, 1864; and the important paper by Hafner, 1987.
The literature in this area is enormous. The psychiatrist will find useful Suppe, 1977; Meyer, 1979; Smith, 1981; Jardine, 1986. Popper, 1968; Stove, 1982; Hacking, 1981. Lecourt, 1975; Tiles, 1984. Kuhn, 1962. Farrell, 1978; Warren, 1971; Lambie, 1991. Helmer and Rescher, 1959. Masterman, 1970. Dilthey, 1883; Martin-Santos, 1955; Lopez, 1990. Roelens, 1962; Deleule, 1969; Politzer, 1967. Devereux, 1980. For an example of this debate see Barnes, 1972; Bury, 1986; Nicolson and McLaughlin, 1987; and Bury, 1987.
32 /. Baillarger (1809-1890) In 1842, two years after Esquirol's death, Baillarger33 read a paper before the Royal Academy of Medicine in Paris on the relationship between hypnagogic states on hallucinations, for which he was awarded the Civrieux Prize. Based on 30 cases, he supported Esquirol's view on the analogy between dreams and hallucinations. 35 In 1844, the Royal Academy of Medicine called for papers on 'hallucinations, their causes, and diseases', and entries were submitted by Baillarger, Claude Michea36 and another nine candidates.