By Andreas Marneros, Jules Angst
100 years in the past - in 1899 - Emil Kraepelin, Professor of Psychiatry in Heidelberg and later in Munich - created, in vitally important items of labor, the concept that of "manisch-depressives Irresein" ("manic-depressive insanity"). the 1st was once entitled Die klinische Stellung der Melancholie(The medical place of Melancholia), and the second one ebook was once the 6th version of his textbook. within the related yr Kraepelin's student and colleague, Wilhelm Weygandt, released his ebook Uber die Mischzustande des Manisch- Depressiven Irreseins (On the combined States of Manic-Depressive Insanity). A century after Kraepelin's production of "manic-depressive insanity", we rejoice. is that this sensible? We think it's firmly proven that the "folie circulaire" of Jean-Pierre Falret or the "folie a double forme" of Jules Baillarger differs from recurrent melancholy, that is additionally varied from Kraepelin's "manic-depressive insanity". but the reply to the query of xvi Preface if it is acceptable to have fun is obvious: convinced. This not just as the paintings of Emil Kraepelin is prime within the real experience of the note. There should be doubtless that Emil Kraepelin is crucial founding father of glossy psychiatry. only one of the numerous purposes for this opinion is his huge, immense contribution to the definition, description and prognosis of affective problems.
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Additional resources for Bipolar Disorders. 100 Years after Manic-Depressive Insanity
Marneros and J. Angst Melancholia belongs to the first category, mania to the second. Griesinger also described the so-called "mid-forms" ("Mittelformen") "in which a change from depression in the manic exaltation occurs" (Griesinger 1845, p. 207). He allocated "melancholia with destructive drives" and "melancholia with longlasting exaltation of volition" to the "mid-forms" (the latter type is, according to Griesinger, the most typical "mid-form"). His view that the "mid-forms" are dependent on character traits, and that in their mild form they are indistinguishable from personality deviations, is interesting (pp.
Akiskal and Olavo Pinto In association with states of depression … [hypo]manic symptoms can be demonstrated with extreme frequency, as temporary exalted mood, laughing, singing, dancing, feeling of happiness in the time of recovery" (Kraepelin 1899/1921) Impressive advances have been made in the field of unipolar and bipolar disorders (recently reviewed in Akiskal 1999b, Marneros 1999). Although the distinction between these two affective forms has made an important contribution to the methodology of clinical and biological investigations, there is still a substantial proportion of apparently "unipolar" patients whose depressions show bipolar affinity.
1909;66:932. This page intentionally left blank Chapter two The soft bipolar spectrum: footnotes to Kraepelin on the interface of hypomania, temperament and depression Hagop S. Akiskal and Olavo Pinto In association with states of depression … [hypo]manic symptoms can be demonstrated with extreme frequency, as temporary exalted mood, laughing, singing, dancing, feeling of happiness in the time of recovery" (Kraepelin 1899/1921) Impressive advances have been made in the field of unipolar and bipolar disorders (recently reviewed in Akiskal 1999b, Marneros 1999).