By Stephanie Cronin
In fresh years sour controversies have erupted throughout Europe and the center East approximately women’s veiling, and particularly their donning of the face-veil or niqab. but the deeper concerns contained inside those controversies – secularism as opposed to spiritual trust, person freedom as opposed to social or family members coercion, identification as opposed to integration – aren't new yet are strikingly prefigured by means of past conflicts. This e-book examines the state-sponsored anti-veiling campaigns which swept throughout broad swathes of the Muslim international within the interwar interval, specially in Turkey and the Balkans, Iran, Afghanistan and the Soviet republics of the Caucasus and primary Asia. It exhibits how veiling used to be formally discouraged and ridiculed as backward and, even though it was once infrequently banned, veiling used to be politicized and become a rallying-point for a much wider competition. Asking a few questions on this past anti-veiling discourse and the rules flowing from it, and the reactions which it provoked, the ebook illuminates and contextualizes modern debates approximately gender, Islam and modernism.
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Additional resources for Anti-Veiling Campaigns in the Muslim World: Gender, Modernism and the Politics of Dress
How can the shocking levels of violence accompanying unveiling in Central Asia be explained? Was the conceptualization of veiling as a social evil unique or can it be better understood by placing it within a more generalized modernist preoccupation with eradicating local practices relating to women’s bodies such as Chinese foot binding or female circumcision in Africa? What did the anti-veiling campaigns achieve? To what extent was the re-emergence of veiling since the 1970s a reaction to these campaigns or the product of entirely different and new circumstances?
Just as the late nineteenth/early twentieth centuries were decades of rapid and profound ideological, cultural and political change, so too did they witness actual changes in female dress, including the manner of veiling. European tastes were of course much in vogue among elites around the globe in the nineteenth century. 28 Dress was an area profoundly affected by such preferences. 29 With this example, these fashions spread throughout the empire. 31 Most significantly, these changes were adopted independently of any male prompting, but were largely or perhaps entirely the result of innovative behaviour by women themselves.
She is the author of Armies and State-building in the Modern Middle East: Politics, Nationalism and Military Reform (I. B. Tauris, 2014); Shahs, Soldiers and Subalterns (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010); Tribal Politics in Iran (Routledge, 2006); and The Army and the Creation of the Pahlavi State in Iran, 1910–26 (I. B. Tauris, 1997); and editor of Iranian-Russian Encounters: Empires and Revolutions since 1800 (Routledge, 2012); Subalterns and Social Protest (Routledge, 2007); Reformers and Revolutionaries in Modern Iran (Routledge, 2004); and The Making of Modern Iran (Routledge, 2003).