By Christopher Chase-Dunn, Visit Amazon's Bruce Lerro Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Bruce Lerro,
From the Stone Age to the web Age, this publication tells the tale of human sociocultural evolution. It describes the stipulations less than which hunter-gatherers, horticulturalists, agricultural states, and business capitalist societies shaped, flourished, and declined. Drawing facts from archaeology, ethnography, linguistics, ancient records, information, and survey examine, the authors hint the expansion of human societies and their complexity, they usually probe the conflicts in hierarchies either inside and between societies. in addition they clarify the macro-micro hyperlinks that attach cultural evolution and heritage with the advance of the person self, pondering approaches, and perceptions. Key good points of the textual content Designed for undergraduate and graduate social technological know-how sessions on social switch and globalization subject matters in sociology, international historical past, cultural geography, anthropology, and overseas stories. Describes the evolution of the trendy capitalist world-system because the fourteenth century BCE, with insurance of the increase and fall of procedure leaders: the Dutch within the 17th century, the British within the 19th century, and the us within the 20th century. offers a framework for examining styles of social swap. contains a variety of tables, figures, and illustrations through the textual content. Supplemented by way of framing half introductions, prompt readings on the finish of every bankruptcy, an finish of textual content thesaurus, and a entire bibliography. deals an internet auxiliary bankruptcy on Indigenous North American World-Systems and a better half web site with excel facts units and extra internet hyperlinks for college students.
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Additional info for Social Change: Globalization from the Stone Age to the Present
And yet, to argue that human behavior is less instinctive than the behavior of other animals does not require that we deny the biological basis of human actions. There are clearly constraints, as well as possibilities, that emanate from our bowels and our brain stems. Sociocultural evolution has radically reconstructed the possibilities, and we are now entering a new age of recombinant DNA in which human decisions are radically altering the biological makeup of plants, animals, and ourselves. This is the culturalization of biology.
As we shall see, the self, in the sense of our idea of our individual identity and how we think—how we take in information, explain, analyze, and evaluate—is an institution, too. Though individuals, in our view, do not have free will, they do have autonomy and agency. Autonomy means we sometimes make creative choices about how the three stages of learning occur. Agency means that we have some degree of choice in how we engage the institutions that form our being. Even dissent and counter-conformity are rooted in social institutions, except that these institutions are against the dominant institutions.
Humans have a lot of RAM (random access memory) relative to ROM (read-only memory), whereas nonhuman animals have more ROM than RAM. In computers, RAM can contain changeable software, whereas ROM is permanently programmed at birth. This is another way of saying that humans are less instinctual than nonhumans. Ants and termites live in large and complex societies, but their behavior in these is largely instinctive. Their social structures are hardwired, and the architecture of their mounds is rigidly bound by the instinctive behaviors of mound building.