This e-book provides essays on present learn in medieval and early glossy environmental heritage through historians and social scientists in honor of Richard C. Hoffmann.
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Additional resources for Ecologies and Economies in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
9 The Amalfitan case presented here is an expansion of these earlier analyses of how chestnuts fit into the postclassical landscape. It differs by suggesting that the biological properties of chestnut trees were important historical agents and can help illuminate the transformation of the countryside in Campania. In particular, Castanea sativa’s productivity and its extraordinary amenability to human care proved to be a winning combination in the early Middle Ages. The case also suggests that some distinctions commonly made between early and late medieval land use bear reconsideration.
Tamara Whited et al. (Santa Barbara, Denver and Oxford, 2005), p. 47. trees, nuts, and woods 29 the hillsides of Campania, but interacted with people dynamically, always establishing an economic and environmental relationship with them in harmony with local demographic levels. 14 Yet early medievalists accept that there were far fewer people in postclassical Europe than there had been at the height of Rome’s imperial hegemony. 15 If there was a Dark Age demographic collapse, and only slow, tentative demographic recovery in the last two centuries of the first millennium ad, we should expect the new demographic reality to have had environmental effects (as well as causes).
7 Such a history decreases a concern for changes that cannot be stopped or redirected. Pre-modern environmental history is no less concerned with environmental footprints or relief from environmental pressure through the use of newly available resources. It does not, however, share the fear of irrevocable change. In the last century the rise in the numbers of people and the extension of their use of natural resources have made what were once matters of local concern global. Exhaustion of some physical assets or the extinction of some plant or animal from the entire planet, something that did happen in the distant past, is now not only conceivable but anticipated and has become a constant source of anxiety.