By Hao Yu, Yang Shang
Along with various possibilities in verbal exchange and imaging purposes, the layout of rising millimeter-wave (mm-wave) and terahertz (THz) digital circuits and structures in CMOS know-how faces new demanding situations and calls for new units. Design of CMOS Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz built-in Circuits with Metamaterials provides substitute ideas utilizing CMOS on-chip metamaterials. in contrast to traditional metamaterial units on published circuit forums (PCBs), the provided CMOS metamaterials can be used to construct many mm-wave and THz circuits and platforms on chip.
Leveraging the authors’ vast services and adventure with CMOS on-chip metamaterials, this ebook indicates that with using metamaterials, you may become aware of coherent THz sign new release, amplification, transmission, and detection of phase-arrayed CMOS transistors with considerably more desirable functionality. supplying exact insurance from equipment to procedure, the e-book hereby:
- Describes built-in circuit layout with program of metamaterials in CMOS technology
- Includes genuine CMOS built-in circuit examples and chip demonstrations with size results
- Evaluates novel mm-wave and THz verbal exchange and imaging structures less than CMOS-based system-on-chip integration
Design of CMOS Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz built-in Circuits with Metamaterials reflects the most recent examine growth and gives a state of the art reference on CMOS-based metamaterial units and mm-wave and THz systems.
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Extra info for Design of CMOS millimeter-wave and terahertz integrated circuits with metamaterials
A small β within a wide frequency range therefore leads to wide-band performance. 7(b), where the phase constant β ia obtained by dividing the phase shift (β×p) to unit cell physical length (p). Notice absolute value of β is taken for easier observation. A falldown curve for |β| is observed below the zero-phase-shift region, indicating the left-handed region. 7: Characterization of CRLH T-line unit cell: (a) ZPS performance, (b) propagation constant. region, where β becomes positive and keeps rising.
3: Refractive index for 2D CRLH metamaterial. 8) where β R and β L are phase constants contributed from RH and LH T-line portions. Notice the phase constant can now be split into RH and LH portions, and has a uniform equation for all frequencies. Furthermore, unlike the characteristic impedance for unbalanced case whose value varies with frequency, the characteristic impedance for the balanced case stays frequency independent. 10) where ω B is a constant. These two equations indicate opposite directions for vp and vg which suggest the LH region where a negative phase shift is obtained; and the same direction for vp and vg which suggest the RH region where a positive phase shift is obtained.
Region, where β becomes positive and keeps rising. The low-pass stop-band and high-pass stop-band are located around DC and very high frequency, respectively, and is not shown in the plot. Differential ZPS In many applications, differential topology is preferred for compact size, reduced loss and rejected noise. 8. The serial capacitor Cs is realized with inter-digital capacitors for compact size. M1 shielding is used to improve the es quality factor. The parallel inductor Lp is implemented by a loop inductor.