By Karen M. Morin
Confirmed in 1851, the yank Geographical Society (AGS) is the oldest specialist geographical association within the usa, and used to be the pre-eminent such society within the nineteenth century. This publication explores how geographical wisdom and practices took form as a civic firm by way of the AGS, less than the management of Charles P. Daly, its president for 35 years (1864-1899). It hyperlinks the beliefs and programmatic pursuits of the AGS to the wide institutional, societal, and spatial contexts that elevated curiosity in geography within the post-Civil conflict interval (such as quick U.S. territorial growth and linked immigration patterns), in addition to to Charles Daly's personal social geography-his own subjectivity and function as manhattan civic chief, student, respected ny pass judgement on, and particularly, popularizer of geography. Daly's management in a few civic and social reform reasons resonated heavily along with his paintings as geographer, corresponding to his impact in tenement housing and highway sanitation reform in manhattan urban. He additionally thinking about extra advertisement initiatives, together with in American railroad improvement and colonization of the African Congo. The ebook examines and gives insights into this wide selection of pursuits, in addition to his influential function in selling early Arctic explorations in manhattan. total, it highlights how Daly's mild, patrician character, shaped by way of an Irish operating classification history and deep feel of upward mobility, mixed together with his respected mind and well known felony judgements, and particularly his own stake in several advertisement organizations, all trained the geographies he and his AGS colleagues produced. via telling the tale of nineteenth century AGS and Charles Daly, this ebook presents a severe appraisal of the position of specific actors, associations, and practices curious about the advance and promoting of geography within the mid-19th century U.S. that's lengthy past due.
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Additional resources for Civic Discipline: Geography in America, 1860-1890
Ruiz, “Geography and Diplomacy: The American Geographical Society and the ‘Geopolitical’ Background of American Foreign Policy, 1848–1861” (PhD dissertation, Northern Illinois University, 1975). Neil Smith’s American Empire: Roosevelt’s Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003) focuses on the influential twentieth-century AGS director, Isaiah Bowman, beginning ca. 1915; and several works detail women of the AGS, including Janice Monk, “Women’s Worlds at the American Geographical Society,” Geographical Review 93 (2, 2003): 237–257 and Douglas McMannis, “Leading Ladies at the AGS,” Geographical Review 86 (1996): 270–277.
The society continued its move uptown, to 15 West 81st Street in 1901, a decade later to 156th and Broadway, and in the later twentieth century moved back downtown to its present location on Wall Street (see Chapter 7). For example, Charles P. Daly, “Recent Developments in Central Africa and the Valley of the Congo,” Journal of the American Geographical Society of New York 16 (1884): 89. Driver, Geography Militant, 25. For example, “Memorial to the Secretary of the Navy,” Bulletin of the American Geographical and Statistical Society, Vol.
S. 3 The first question that arises is why an explicit interest in statistics was eliminated from the AGS’s agenda after its first two decades. ”5 I maintain the notion here, though, to propose that there are certain social spaces within which issues of gender become more punctuated than others, and those of mid- to late-nineteenth-century American geography seem to be one of them. 30 Civic Discipline The “manliness” of the calculation sciences – conducted “at home” – versus narratives of field experience – conducted “away” – takes on particular salience with respect to the AGS.