By Renzhi Hou
This e-book is set the town of Peiping in China, often referred to as Beijing and Peking, and a urban of significant historic value. Divided into 3 components, this paintings explores Peiping first as a frontier urban at a time whilst the good Wall used to be confirmed, from the Chou dynasty (ca.1122—220 B.C.) till the T’ang Dynasties as much as the Khitan profession (A.D. 590—937). the second one half explores Peiping because it turns into a countrywide centre, throughout the Liao Dynasty and the Chin Dynasty, until eventually 1234, and the 3rd half explores the way it turned the capital of the chinese language empire, till 1911. This paintings is a ancient geography and the advent information topographical good points and geographical kinfolk of the town, describing the way the mountains upward push from the apparent developing concave hands to surround Peiping, resulting in the identify, the ‘Bay of Peiping’. We examine that the mountains usually achieve over 3000ft and feature essentially no foot-hills, when the bay itself is full of sediments of gravel, sand, loam and loess that have been deposited in horizontal strata, to an exceptional intensity. a variety of illustrations and figures are integrated, and readers will see how town sits among rivers, the Hun (浑河 or Muddy River) and the Pai (白河 or White River). those chapters demonstrate how every one river has made its contribution to the fabric improvement of town and its environs, together with via irrigation and because the Hun River shifted its direction. due to the geography of the sector, just about all roads best from the northern lands of Mongolia and Manchuria to the good simple of North China within the south are absolute to converge at Peiping. The ancient effects of this, in addition to neighborhood weather stipulations and different elements of geography are explored during this ebook, which lines the historic upward push to eminence of Peiping.
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Extra resources for An Historical Geography of Peiping
Peiping: National Geological Survey of China. 7. Herrmann, A. (1935). Historical and commercial Atlas of China (Harvard-Yenching Institute, Monograph Series 1). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 8. Cressey, G. B. (1934). China’s geographic foundations. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company. 9. Lee, J. S. (1928). Chung-kuo Ti-shih Pien-chien Hsiao Shih (李四光《中国地势变迁小史》, An history of the topographical evolution of China). Shanghai: Commercial Press. D. C. did not last very long. , another frontier power among the seven Martial States, the Ch’in State (秦), had become stronger and stronger.
The land then was entirely under cultivation. Villages occupied the higher grounds like islands in the sea. I noticed the presence of small boats lying on the gently sloping grounds outside some of the villages but without any navigable waterways in sight. The same boats, I believe, would be used in case of floods that usually occur in late summers. 20 Sheet: South 1, West 1. 21 Both lakes are also indicated in the General Geological Map of China in the form of marshes. See Peking-Tsinan sheet (Sheet N.
C. In commenting on certain current events, he made the following remark: 10 According to Li Chi (《礼记》, The Book of Rites), the city Chi was also a feudal state founded at the same time of Yen (See the section of Yo Chi,《乐记》, Record of Music, 26). Afterwards, as recorded in Shih Chi Cheng-I (《史记正义》, A Commentary on Shih Chi), Chi was conquered by Yen, and the city Chi thus became the capital of the state of Yen. (See Ssu-ma Ch’ien, Shih Chi, Chou Pen Chi, Historical Records, the Annals of Chou).