By Phoebe Koundouri
Based on the Water Framework Directive, this booklet stresses the necessity for an built-in Water assets administration (IWRM) method of stability the competing calls for on water-domestic, agricultural, business, tourism and environmental/ecological- and advertise economically effective, socially equitable and environmentally sustainable water use in chosen areas from Southern Europe, the Mediterranean and the constructing international. effects from the study tasks lined through this ebook, exhibit that potent water administration instruments and decisions-making practices, are wanted with the intention to supplement built-in interventions for expanding the supply of provide and/or dealing with the transforming into call for for scarce water offers. extra, the ebook makes an attempt to bridge the space among rules and activities recommended on the research-oriented environmental debate, and their translation into coverage making buildings and courses in built and constructing international locations.
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Additional info for Coping with Water Deficiency: From Research to Policy Making
Exploitable water resources are the volume of water that could be technically and economically utilized without 2 Water Management on Mediterranean Islands 21 Total exploitable water resources Total available water resources 100% 100% 90% 90% 80% 80% 70% 70% Treated wastewater Desalination Surface water incl. dams Groundwater 60% 50% 40% 60% Desalination Treated wastewater Surface water incl. dams Groundwater 50% 40% 30% 30% 20% 20% 10% 10% 0% 0% Majorca Corsica Sicily Crete Cyprus Majorca Corsica Sicily Crete Cyprus Fig.
2% a year (FAO-website, statistics). Regarding water management on a regional scale the local situation of population growth is therefore of greater importance than generalized statements. In general the population growth in the five Mediterranean countries - Spain, France, Italy, Greece, and Cyprus - shows an increasing tendency. 4% according to the data of the last three years. The island population growth does not always follow the national population growth. 7). On the one hand this indicator is very important for water consumption estimations and scenario plans for the water availability in future and actions to be carried out.
If the water consumption per sector is compared in turns of percentage, it can be clearly seen that agriculture consumes the most water on all islands, ranging between 60% even on the main tourist island Majorca, to 80% on the predominately agricultural island of Crete (Fig. 14). This illustrates one reason why Majorca’s 2 Water Management on Mediterranean Islands 27 Water consumption per sector Percentage of water consumption 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% Environment/parks, gardens, golf places Industry Tourism Agriculture/irrigation Domestic 0% Majorca Corsica Sicily Crete Cyprus Fig.