By Jiahua Pan, Houkai Wei
This ebook specializes in China’s city improvement. In China, the method of permitting extra rural migrants to turn into registered urban citizens in city components is still stagnant regardless of its value to the chinese language govt and the lifestyles of a countrywide consensus approximately it. towns can compulsorily buy land from farmers at low or perhaps no bills, and such a lot farmers, whose households have trusted the land to make a residing for generations, don't take advantage of raises in land price. Breaking down the validated distributive approach of rights and privileges calls for laws and legislation enforcement. To this finish, we have to holiday in the course of the present trend of pursuits and appreciate the "citizenization-relevant" rights of rural migrant workers.
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Extra resources for Annual Report on Urban Development of China 2013
On the other hand, low levels of education attainment and poor professional skills make rural migrant workers unable to meet the points requirements for urban hukou eligibility. Guangdong, for example, was the first province in China that implemented the point system for allocating urban hukou. Guangdong cities such as Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Dongguan and Zhongshan had all implemented such a system by the end of 2011. In Guangzhou, for example, migrants who have a bachelor’s, master’s or doctoral degree receive 80, 90 or 100 points for education attainment and skills, whereas those who have completed junior or senior high school receive only 5 or 20 points in the same category; in Shenzhen, no one with less thant senior high school education is eligible for entering the points-based hukou allotment system , whose point distribution is similar to that for the system in Guangzhou.
On the side of the sense of belonging to the host city, most rural migrant workers have no sense of belonging to the group of urban residents. Cultural and behavioral differences, financial gaps and some urban residents’ prejudice against them are among the major reasons for the lack of the sense of belonging to the host city. And they cause misunderstanding, estrangement and even conflicts between rural migrant workers and native urban residents, creating a new dual structure within the city. 51 %, “marginalized person” (Mei Jianming 2006).
China will then become an advanced city-dominated society. 9 Note: the numbers for 2012 are real-world ones. The combined forecasts are the means of forecasts obtained with three methods—curve fitting, economic modeling and the growth rate of the urban/ rural population ratio Under the S curve theory of urbanization, the process of urbanization is usually divided into early period (<30 %), intermediate period (30–70 %) and late period (>70 %). With regard to the intermediate period, the turning point is 50 %, the acceleration period is 30–50 %, and the deceleration period is 50–70 %.