By Benjamin Wardhaugh
Despite what we may perhaps occasionally think, well known arithmetic writing didn't start with Martin Gardner. in truth, it has a wealthy culture stretching again thousands of years. This pleasing and enlightening anthology--the first of its kind--gathers approximately 100 interesting choices from the prior 500 years of well known math writing, bringing to existence a little-known aspect of math background. starting from the past due 15th to the past due 20th century, and drawing from books, newspapers, magazines, and internet sites, A Wealth of Numbers contains leisure, lecture room, and paintings arithmetic; mathematical histories and biographies; debts of upper arithmetic; motives of mathematical tools; discussions of the way math might be taught and realized; reflections at the position of math on the planet; and math in fiction and humor.
Featuring many tips, video games, difficulties, and puzzles, in addition to a lot background and trivialities, the choices comprise a sixteenth-century consultant to creating a horizontal sundial; "Newton for the Ladies" (1739); Leonhard Euler at the suggestion of pace (1760); "Mathematical Toys" (1785); a poetic model of the guideline of 3 (1792); "Lotteries and Mountebanks" (1801); Lewis Carroll at the online game of common sense (1887); "Maps and Mazes" (1892); "Einstein's actual Achievement" (1921); "Riddles in Mathematics" (1945); "New Math for Parents" (1966); and "PC Astronomy" (1997). geared up via thematic chapters, every one choice is put in context through a short advent.
A distinct window into the hidden heritage of renowned arithmetic, A Wealth of Numbers will supply many hours of enjoyable and studying to an individual who loves renowned arithmetic and science.
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Additional info for A Wealth of Numbers: An Anthology of 500 Years of Popular Mathematics Writing
Robert Recorde (c. 1512–1558), The ground of artes teachyng the worke and practise of Arithmetike, much necessary for all states of men. After a more easyer & exacter sorte, then any lyke hath hytherto ben set forth: with dyuers newe additions, as by the table doth partly appeare. (London, 1543), fols. 17–19, 37–39. Addition MASTER: Addition is the reduction and bringing of two sums or more into one. As, if I have 160 books in the Latin tongue, and 136 in the Greek tongue, and would know how many they be in all.
First, the vessel 4 foot high contains 48 inches of a side, wherefore multiply 48 by 48, and the product will be 2304, which multiply again by 48, and the product will be 110,592; and so many cubical or square inches of Corn do his vessel hold, the half whereof, which is 55,296, he lent his Neighbour. Now, secondly, let us examine how much the second vessel will hold, it being 2 foot on every side, that is 24 inches. Multiply 24 by 24; the product is 574. Which multiply again by 24, and the product will be 13,824; and so many cubical or square inches did the lesser vessel contain.
Sprouts: dots A and B are used up. Femto There is a book of mathematical games I’m rather fond of, even though it never made the best-seller lists. ”, and included in it was a two-player cardgame called Divide and Conquer, for which the entire equipment is a single suit of playing cards. This seemed to me to be just about the most minimal cardgame anyone could devise—until I discovered Pico, which is a German cardgame using just 11 cards. In case anyone thinks Pico is still just a little too big I’ve put together ideas from both these games and come up with a new one, called Femto, which needs just eight cards.