By Peter Reed
Robert Angus Smith (1817-1884) used to be a Scottish chemist and a number one investigator into what got here to be referred to as 'acid rain'. This learn of his operating lifestyles, contextualized via dialogue of his formative years, schooling, ideals, kin, pursuits and affects sheds gentle at the evolving figuring out of sanitary technology throughout the 19th century. Born in Glasgow and at first informed for a occupation within the Church of Scotland, Smith as an alternative went directly to research chemistry in Germany less than Justus von Liebig. On his go back to Manchester within the 1840s, Smith's robust Calvinist religion lead him to improve a powerful main issue for the insanitary environmental stipulations in Manchester and different business cities in Britain. His appointment as Inspector of the Alkali management in 1863 enabled him to marry his social matters and his paintings as an analytical chemist, and this e-book explores his position as Inspector of the management from its inception via battles with chemical brands within the courts, to the fight to widen and tighten the regulatory framework as different destructive chemical nuisances turned recognized. This research of Smith's existence and paintings presents a tremendous heritage to the best way that 'chemical' got here to have such damaging connotations within the century prior to booklet of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring. It additionally deals a desirable perception into the altering panorama of British politics as rules and enforcement of the chemical industries got here to be visible as invaluable, and is vital interpreting for historians of technology, know-how and within the 19th century, in addition to environmental historians looking heritage context to the twentieth-century environmental hobbies.
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Additional resources for Acid Rain and the Rise of the Environmental Chemist in Nineteenth-Century Britain
Such a broad canvas required inspectors with appropriate knowledge and experience to carry out their duties effectively; they were subsequently to draw on a broad range of experts and professional people, which would lead to some inspectors with the designation ‘civil scientist’. I have avoided referring to the ‘industrial revolution’. g. 1750–1850, and may in fact have occurred in a more evolutionary manner over a much longer period of time. See David Cannadine, ‘Engineering History, or the History of Engineering?
Morrell, ‘Thomas Thomson: Professor of Chemistry and University Reformer’, British Journal for the History of Science, 4 (1969). pp 245–65. 4 Anderson’s Institution was renamed Anderson’s University in 1828, and in 1964 became the University of Strathclyde. 5 Angus Smith, ‘Thomas Graham’, p. 65. On 20 March 1884 Angus Smith was due to deliver the Second Graham Lecture to the Philosophical Society of Glasgow – Chemistry Section at University of Glasgow, but because of ill health he was unable to attend and so the lecture was read for him.
Leaders in the campaigns included Lord Shaftesbury, Edwin Chadwick, John Simon and Richard Cobden. This was truly an Age of Reform. , p. 57. 59 Introduction 23 emigration (1833), Poor Law (1834), prisons (1836), tithe commutation (1836), education (1839), railways (1840), mines (1842), public health/local government (1848) and mercantile marine (1850). 60 Inspectors were essentially enforcement officers, and this role brought difficulties during the appointment of inspectors. While it was important to have wellqualified inspectors with experience of the field of inspection, it was crucial that they did not have any financial interest or close associates in the field that might undermine their authority.